Want To Know More About Criminal Justice?

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After the defendant is convicted, the court that she is tried in, will decide the appropriate sentence in the shape of a punishment. However, convictions can cause ramifications outside of the sentence given, that is called collateral consequences of criminal charges. Such convictions can be referred to as minor convictions, that are in impact, may be a warning conviction and does not extremely affect the defendant. An individual with a variety of convictions in their past can have a lot of collateral consequences of the criminal charges, and a history of convictions are call antecedents or ‘previous’ convictions. Despite minor convictions not affecting the defendant an excessive amount of, they still show on a person’s record as a previous conviction.

A defendant is sentenced by a judge after she or he has either pleaded guilty to a criminal offence or been found guilty of a criminal offence following trial within the courts. A choose or magistrate can make the choice as to the appropriate sentence for the defendant’s offence that they committed, by taking into account totally different important factors, as well as the facts of the case, the utmost penalty and any sentencing guidelines punished. The law relating to the criminal justice system is basically found in the Criminal Justice Act 2003.

The Criminal Justice Act 2003 has aimed to provide understandable and a lot of variable sentencing guidelines. It has included the purposes of sentencing; the principles behind sentencing, as an example, the reduction in sentence for a guilty plea, the principles regarding previous convictions and offences committed whilst on bail, and statutory aggravating factors; terms relating to totally different sorts of sentence and after they may be applied; terms relating to the sentencing of dangerous offenders; and provisions in relation to unharness of offenders.

The 2003 Act conjointly sets out the most sentences for specific offences, setting out the most severe penalty a court will grant and the most sentences depending on the seriousness of the offence. For offences such as murder, theft and some sexual offences, the maximum sentence is life imprisonment. These maximum penalties should be applied to the foremost serious and extreme criminal cases and it’s the choose or magistrates duty to make a decision the appropriate sentence for the offence that the defendant has committed.